The Government of Indonesia now recognizes disaster management as one of 11 national priority areas for action. It has improved legal and institutional structures at provincial and district levels, giving local authorities greater roles and responsibilities in preparing for and responding to disasters.
Indonesia’s disaster management achievements are significant, but critical challenges remain, particularly in reducing disparities between provinces, and in building national and local resilience. International partners still have a key role in helping to build capacity, strengthen preparedness and response, cover gaps, and transfer knowledge and technical expertise to the Government.
In helping to build Indonesia’s institutional capacity, OCHA has increased its engagement with and support to the national and provincial Disaster Management Agency (BNPB/BPBD). OCHA’s work has focused on enhancing senior managers’ professionalism, broadening their insight, practical knowledge and know-how on disaster management. OCHA provided technical support to BNPD in developing a field operational handbook adapted from the UNDAC handbook. BNPB and BPBD senior management workshops in August and October 2011 brought valuable lessons in enhancing organizational leadership and management skills for better preparedness for and response to disasters. This was part of a comprehensive Government-support package that will continue to be implemented with the Australia-Indonesia Facility for Disaster Reduction and other partners in 2012. The Government also received support to enhance national and local disaster resilience through the work of the OCHA-led UN Partnership for Development Framework 2011-2015 theme group on disaster management/resilience.
OCHA encouraged dialogue between the international humanitarian community and the Government through regular consultations, training sessions and leading the revision of inter-agency contingency plan. Government agencies worked with clusters in identifying preparedness activities and funding requirements. In October, the HCT endorsed plans to integrate the cluster priority-preparedness actions into an inter-cluster preparedness package (ICPP). The ICPP will be launched in March 2012. Support for preparedness-and-response activities was also provided through the Humanitarian Response Fund (HRF). OCHA is seeking more funding from potential donors for preparedness activities.
The Government continued its practice of not appealing for international assistance for small- and medium-scale disasters. It relied instead on in-country international agencies to provide the assistance. This approach has required the humanitarian community to move from its normal cluster-activation procedures. OCHA has proposed that in responding to small- and medium-scale disasters, the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) communicates with the cluster leads, encouraging them to facilitate sectoral coordination and work with Government counterparts.
Discussions were initiated for an integrated approach to the common humanitarian programme cycle, with a focus on needs assessments and analysis, planning, monitoring and evaluation. This dialogue helped establish a Needs Assessment Working Group, co-chaired by OCHA and BNPB. In 2012, OCHA will develop closer links between international and national coordination mechanisms to jointly develop priorities and strategies.
Humanitarian coordination on preparedness and emergency response continues to engage a wide range of operational partners. OCHA has advocated a tri-sectoral approach, combining public- and private-sector actors and civil society in disaster management, while supporting the establishment of the Indonesia Disaster Resources Partnership. OCHA’s commitment to support ROAP to engage with regional partners will continue with its work with the ASEAN Humanitarian Assistance Centre to ensure a coherent approach to disaster management issues. 2012 should also see tighter connections between humanitarian agencies and their development counterparts to promote the integration of recovery into humanitarian action to support long-term development goals.