The food-insecurity and malnutrition crisis in the Sahel region continues to affect millions of Chadians. The country has also been heavily affected by political instability and violence in neighbouring countries such as Sudan and the Central African Republic (CAR).
29 April 2013: Continuing armed conflicts in Sudan and the Central African Republic (CAR) have forced thousands of people to flee, and the precarious humanitarian situation in Chad remains volatile. Close to 20,000 refugees from Sudan and CAR have fled to eastern and southern Chad, while some 13,000 returnees from Darfur and Libya are seeking shelter in Chad.
CERF in Action - Rapid Response
CERF releases funds through the Underfunded Emergencies window
CERF allocates $2.7 million for meningitis and measles outbreak in Chad
1 April 2010: CERF has allocated $2.7 million in response to meningitis and measles outbreak in Chad.
CERF provides $4 million to support unprecedented cholera outbreak in Chad
7 October 2011: The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has provided $4 million in life-saving funds towards reducing deaths and illness associated with cholera in Chad. Since January 2011, 13,804 cholera cases have been reported in the country.
The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) received $2.3 million and the World Health Organization (WHO) received a further $1.8 million to reinforce emergency rapid response to the cholera outbreak. With CERF funds, more than 7 million individuals, or 70,000 households, will benefit in the geographic area of targeted implementation.
Since January 2011, Chad has registered more than 13,000 new cholera cases with 389 deaths reported in 36 of the country’s 61 health districts. The persistence of cholera cases during the dry season indicates that cholera is now present in an endemic form in some regions of Chad, as confirmed by epidemiological studies conducted by international NGOs in 2010, and by UNICEF in August 2011.
As cholera cases have been reported in Niger, Nigeria, Cameroun and Chad, the current cholera outbreak in Chad is considered a regional public health issue requiring coordinated surveillance and response among these four countries. The current epidemiological profile and projections show that the scale of the 2011 cholera epidemic in Chad will be unprecedented in the country.
In response, UNICEF has already initiated partnerships with local NGOs, the Chadian Red Cross and international NGOs to implement sanitation and awareness-raising activities in communities at risk. In addition, UNICEF provides water and sanitation materials and health kits to the Ministry of health on a regular basis. These ongoing activities will be strengthened and new activities will be implemented in partnership with national authorities.
The World Health Organization project will be implemented in partnership with the Ministry of Health, local communities and in close collaboration with NGOs involved in cholera case management. The project will strengthen the on-going emergency response, extended case management activities to all affected districts and will focus on underserved health districts.
CERF provides $3.3 million for cholera response in Chad
14 July 2011: Some $3.3 million was made available from the CERF in July in response to a cholera outbreak threatening five million people in southern and western parts of Chad. Nearly 6,000 people were infected by the disease in early July, which causes severe diarrhoea and vomiting, leading to death in many cases if not detected and treated.
The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) received $2.5 million and the World Health Organization (WHO) a further $730,000 to respond to the cholera outbreak and prevent it from worsening. Local NGOs and the Chadian Red Cross were engaged as implementing partners and support was provided to the Chadian Ministry of Health. The CERF enabled life-threatening cholera cases to be treated by supplying essential medicines and training for health workers. CERF funding allowed improvements to be made to water supplies and basic sanitation at the community level to prevent the spread of the disease. Local radio was used to make the local population fully aware of the cholera threat and communicate methods for preventing its spread. Assistance was also given to the Ministry of Health to improve its disease surveillance and detection capability, which will have a lasting positive impact in Chad.
CERF provides US$748,007 in response to locust outbreak in the Sahel
3 December 2012: In November, a desert-locust outbreak occurred in Chad’s north-east region, posing a significant threat to the country’s agricultural production. The winged-locust swarms originated in Libya and Algeria and spread to the Sahel region.