Syrian Arab Republic 2012
CERF gives $6 million to UN agencies in Syria
20 September 2012: Conditions in Syria continue to deteriorate as the civil unrest spreads and deepens. Some 2.5 million people now need humanitarian assistance, according to United Nations estimates. Civilians, including children and women, bear the brunt of the violence. Nearly 1 million people have fled their homes and are staying with host families or in informal settlements, such as schools, university dormitories and public buildings.
Homes, health clinics, schools and hospitals have been destroyed in the conflict. As the violence continues to spread to new areas, it is becoming increasingly difficult for families to evacuate and find refuge.
Large numbers of rural Syrians have lost their farming businesses and livestock due to the ongoing crisis. Rising food prices, high transportation costs and movement restrictions due to insecurity have negatively affected agricultural production. Migrants from drought-affected areas in the north-east have returned to their places of origin due to the shortage of work opportunities, though their assets and savings have been consumed.
CERF provides $9.7 million for people affected by violence in Syria
27 July 2012: Instability and conflict in Syria continue to gravely affect hundreds of thousands of people. An estimated 750,000 Syrians have been internally displaced, with some estimates considerably higher. Women and children constitute the majority of the internally displaced and refugees. According to UN reports, some 1.5 million people need humanitarian assistance.
As violence spreads to previously unaffected areas, many Syrians are relocating for the second time. An increasing number of people have found shelter in overcrowded and unsanitary conditions in schools, public buildings and mosques. Those who flee their homes typically leave everything behind and cannot meet their daily needs due to access constraints or a lack of resources.
Food insecurity is rising as displaced families are forced to leave their homes and livelihoods. The outlook for food security is grim due to the impact of the crisis on unemployment, agricultural production and livestock. Rainfall has been below average in the country’s north-eastern and central regions, and farmers lack sufficient fuel for irrigation systems.
CERF provides $14 million for people affected by civil unrest in Syria
16 May 2012: Syria's political and security situation has directly resulted in significant humanitarian needs. These include people injured due to civil unrest and families who have left their homes due to insecurity, fear, or as a precaution. People face difficulty meeting their daily needs, and accessing social services.
The crisis is further compounded by underlying poverty and vulnerability; damage to housing, infrastructure, social service facilities and disruption of agricultural production. Shortages of fuel, electricity and water have adversely affected households, and economic productivity.
In response, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has given US$13,813,421 to eight United Nations agencies and the International Organization of Migration (IOM) to support the response to affected people.
CERF in Action - Rapid Response
CERF allocates grant of $7 million for Underfunded Emergencies projects in Syria
1 March 2012: According to UNHCR, the 1 million Iraqi refugees residing in Syria form one of the largest urban refugee populations in the world. As a result of nearly one year of civil unrest in Syria, needs have dramatically increased amongst vulnerable refugee populations.
The protracted nature of exile and civil unrest in the country has caused many refugees to lose their livelihoods and many are now dependent on outside assistance. The majority of refugees continue to live in and co-exist with the host community. The hardship affecting a growing number of refugees has led some to cut back on medical expenses, which further aggravates their vulnerabilities and their health status.
In response, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has provided a grant of US$7 million to four UN agencies to support Iraqi refugees living in Syria.