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Following the onset of events in March 2011, the violent conflict in Syria has reached catastrophic levels. Violence has escalated in scale and scope, with new densely populated urban areas becoming part of the conflict, causing significantly increased levels of displacement, destruction and causalities. The brutal conflict has become indiscriminate, leaving people in constant fear of violence and subject to trauma. Estimated four million people are in need of humanitarian assistance – among these half are children.

The majority of the internally displaced persons (IDPs) had to flee in a hurry, carrying very little of their belongings with them. Estimated 80 per cent of them live with host families or in collective shelters, whereas the rest of the IDPs (approximately 700,000 individuals) have sought shelter in informal group shelters, such as unused buildings. The exceptionally hard winter this year exacerbated the suffering of the IDPs.

In response, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has provided a rapid response grant of US$20,433,455 to nine UN agencies. The allocations are expected to benefit 3.1 million people.

For more information, please go to the Syrian Arab Republic's country page.