The humanitarian operations in South Sudan brings together the Government, UN agencies, non-governmental and international organizations and humanitarian donors at national level and throughout the ten states of the country. At the national level, the UN Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) provides strategic and policy direction for the overall humanitarian operations in South Sudan, working closely with the Ministry of Gender, Child Welfare and Humanitarian Affairs, and the government’s Relief and Rehabilitation Commission (RRC) as the main government interlocutors. The HCT comprises 21 representatives from UN agencies, national and international non-governmental organizations, donors and the ICRC which participates as an observer.
The Inter-Sector Working Group (ISWG) provides technical supports to the HCT, advising on operational priorities, concerns and gaps in the humanitarian response. The ISWG formulates and coordinates cluster/sector responses at national and state levels. It consists of cluster coordinators and co-coordinators from UN and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) heading the ten operational sectors in South Sudan. These include Coordination and Common Services (CCS), Education, Emergency Telecommunications (ETC), Food Security and Livelihoods (FSL), Health, Logistics, Non-Food items and emergency shelter (NFI/ES), Nutrition, Multi-Sector response to refugees and returnees, Protection and Water and Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH). The ISWG operates through the cluster working groups that bring together cluster partners and respective line ministries both at national and state levels to formulate, implement and monitor cluster strategies and response plans. The ISWG is supported in its function at state level by cluster state focal points present in each of the ten states.
State level coordination mechanisms include the Humanitarian Coordination Forum led by OCHA and the RRC and it coordinates state specific humanitarian responses, cluster coordination meetings led by cluster focal points, the respective sector ministries and inter cluster working groups led by OCHA. At county level, county coordination meetings are also convened by County Commissioners with the support of the RRC and OCHA. Other ad hoc mechanisms such as the state floods task force and state returnees working groups are activated based on need.