Humanitarian Financing - Appeals System

OCHA manages the humanitarian appeals system, which comprises the following:

Consolidated Appeal Process 

The Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP) raises funds for humanitarian action. It helps humanitarian aid partners to plan, implement and monitor their activities together. Thus the CAP is much more than a funding appeal.

Flash Appeals

These are used for structuring a coordinated humanitarian response for the first three to six months of an emergency. The United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator triggers a flash appeal in consultation with all stakeholders. Ideally, a flash appeal should be issued within one week of an emergency. It provides a concise overview of urgent life-saving needs, and may include recovery projects that can be implemented within the appeal's time frame.

Common Humanitarian Action Plan

The Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) is a strategic plan for humanitarian response in a given country or region. It provides:

  • A common analysis of the context in which humanitarian action takes place
  • An assessment of needs
  • Best, worst and most likely scenarios
  • Identification of roles and responsibilities, i.e. who does what and where
  • A clear statement of longer-term objectives and goals
  • A framework for monitoring the strategy and revising it if necessary

The CHAP is the foundation for developing a Consolidated Appeal. As such, it is part of the Coordinated Appeals Process (CAP).

Financial Tracking Service

The Financial Tracking Service (FTS) is a global, real-time database that records all reported international humanitarian aid (including that for NGOs and the Red Cross/Red Crescent movement, bilateral aid, in-kind aid and private donations). All FTS data are provided by donors or recipient organizations.  

Other Resources

  • CERF (Central Emengency Response Fund)
  • CAP (Consolidated Appeal Process)
  • FTS (Financial Tracking Service)